Famous Traditional Folk Dance in North India

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Famous Traditional Folk Dance in North India

List of Top 9 Famous Traditional Folk Dance in North India

Traditional Folk dances in North India are diverse and varied, reflecting the unique culture and traditions of each region. These dances are performed during social and religious events, fostering unity and harmony among people. They serve as a means of communication, expressing both joy and sorrow through movement, rhythm, and energy. The cultural significance of these dances is undeniable, transcending from the performer to the audience, creating a mesmerizing atmosphere.

In addition to classical dances, India also boasts a rich repertoire of folk dances. Unlike classical dances, folk dances are not strictly structured or deeply rooted in tradition. They are characterized by their simplicity and focus on conveying stories and emotions. These dances hold great importance, especially during special occasions, as they bring together people from the same village or area. The collective performance of folk dances strengthens the sense of community, emphasizing the values of brotherhood and social bonding.

Each state in North India has its distinct folk dances, with unique styles, costumes, and regional influences. While some dances require skillful balance and coordination, others are more straightforward, emphasizing the narrative aspect. Despite their differences, all folk dances share the common goal of celebrating and cherishing the cultural heritage of the region. The beauty of these dances lies not only in their artistic expression but also in their ability to unite people and foster a sense of togetherness.

What is the Purpose & Practice of Indian Folk Dances?

Folk dances in India serve various purposes and are closely tied to specific cultural practices. These dances are often performed during festivals or social gatherings, bringing joy and unity to the local community. They have a personal touch, fostering happiness among individuals and strengthening bonds with their immediate community.

The lyrics and style of folk dances are tailored to fit the occasion, reflecting themes such as harvest, weddings, or birth. Unlike classical Indian dances, they are not deeply rooted in philosophical or spiritual teachings. Instead, they focus on the celebration of life’s milestones and everyday experiences.

Despite their spontaneous nature, Indian folk dances require practice, coordination, and an understanding of the regional culture. They have distinctive costumes and sometimes incorporate props, showcasing a unique style. These dances are usually passed down from generation to generation, with children growing up observing and learning from their community members. As a result, folk dances evolve gradually over time, incorporating subtle changes and adapting to contemporary emotions and sensibilities.

Indian folk dances can be further categorized based on their purpose. Cultural dances, social dances, warrior dances, and seasonal dances each serve a distinct function within the folk dance repertoire. This classification highlights the diverse roles and significance of folk dances in Indian society

Famous Traditional Folk Dance in North India

North India is known for its diverse folk dances, found in states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Jammu Kashmir, and Haryana. Each state has its unique dances that celebrate local traditions and festivals, showcasing different styles, costumes, and influences. These dances bring communities together, expressing their identities and fostering unity. Through rhythmic movements, vibrant attire, and lively music, folk dances create a captivating experience for both performers and spectators. The cultural similarities between neighboring states allow for the blending and sharing of dance forms, strengthening bonds and promoting the harmonious coexistence of diverse cultural expressions in North India.

1."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Punjab in North India


Bhangra is a vibrant and popular folk dance originating from Punjab, North India. It is performed during festive occasions like Baisakhi and harvest celebrations, signifying the joy of a bountiful harvest.

Region: Punjab

Occasion: Performed during harvest season


  • Difficult and unique dance steps in Bhangra folk dance in Punjab.
  • Colorfully attired Punjabi men, wearing turbans, handkerchiefs, kurta, and lungi, energetically dance with great enthusiasm. They dance with abandon to traditional Punjabi folk songs. Bhangra showcases the exuberance and high spirits of the Punjabi community.
  • In addition to men, women also participate in Bhangra, adding their unique elements to the performance. Their dance movements often depict farming activities and incorporate acrobatic elements. As they dance and jump to the lively beats of the Dholak, a traditional drum, the atmosphere becomes filled with the infectious rhythm and energy of Bhangra.


Giddha is a lively folk dance primarily performed by women in North India. Unlike Bhangra, which is mainly performed by men, Giddha showcases the talent and grace of young girls. They dance and clap their hands while singing folk songs that often revolve around marriage, the new bride, or the humorous and satirical aspects of married life.

Region: Punjab

Occasion: Perform at a festival

Highlight: Expresses feminine grace


  • Giddha is performed on various social and religious occasions, symbolizing the celebration of happiness and the harmony of life.
  • The dancers adorn themselves with colorful ornaments and wear salwar kameez, a traditional outfit consisting of a loose-fitting shirt and pants. The vibrant attire adds to the visual appeal of the dance, enhancing the overall festive atmosphere.

2."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Haryana in North India:

Haryana is renowned for its diverse folk dances, with a focus on harvest-related themes.

Phag dance

The Phag dance, specific to the month of Phalgun, and the Saang dance, involving groups of performers narrating religious and folk tales for five hours, are prominent folk dances in Haryana.

Region: Haryana

Occasion: Associated with the festival of Holi


  • The Phag dance in Haryana is traditionally performed during the month of Phalgun. This dance is associated with the festival of Holi, a vibrant and joyous celebration of colors and spring.
  • The Phag dance is a significant part of the Holi festivities, adding an element of cultural and artistic expression to the occasion.
  • It is performed with enthusiasm and vigor, bringing together people of all ages to revel in the spirit of Holi. The dance is accompanied by lively music and rhythmic movements, creating an atmosphere of fun and celebration.


Chhathi is a dance performed by women six days after the birth of a male child, followed by a celebratory feast.

Region: Haryana

Occasion: joyous occasion of the newborn’s arrival


  • The dance known as Chhathi holds significance and is performed by women six days after the birth of a male child. It is a celebratory dance that marks the joyous occasion of the newborn’s arrival.
  • Following the dance, a festive feast is organized to further celebrate and share happiness with family and community members. Chhathi showcases the cultural traditions and the importance given to welcoming a new life into the world.


Loor is a captivating dance performed exclusively by girls from the Bangar area of Haryana. Loor beautifully combines music, movement, and tradition, making it a highlight of Haryana’s cultural heritage.

Region: Haryana

Occasion: The festive occasion of Holi


  • It is performed during the festive occasion of Holi and serves as a ritual to welcome the arrival of spring. This dance holds particular significance for farmers as it is performed before the sowing of Rabi crops, symbolizing the beginning of the agricultural season.
  • The dance is accompanied by songs in a question-and-answer format, adding an interactive and lively element to the performance.

Gogga Dance

Gogga Dance, primarily performed by men, is a unique form of worship in Haryana. It is associated with a ritual where devotees gather around the grave of Saint Gogga and engage in rhythmic dancing while singing his praises.

Region: Haryana

Occasion: Performed during a ritual


  • The dance movements are intentionally kept simple to allow devotees to focus on attaining spiritual experiences during the performance.
  • The Gogga Dance is a profound expression of devotion and serves as a significant highlight of Haryana’s cultural and religious traditions.


Dhamyal, also known as Dhuph, is a well-known folk dance in Haryana. It can be performed by either men alone or with women.

Region/Area: Haryana

Occasion: To celebrate the end of a day’s work


  • The drum played during the performance makes a unique sound dance accompanied by the unique sound of a circular drum called Dhup, played by the male dancers.
  • Dhamyal holds a special place during the spring season, adding to the festive atmosphere and celebration in Haryana.

It is a way for farmers and tribes to rejoice and unwind at the end of a day’s work. The dance symbolizes the joy and anticipation of a fruitful harvest, particularly in the Gurgaon region of Haryana.

3."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Jammu and Kashmir in North India:

In Jammu and Kashmir, folk dances play a significant role in representing various aspects of life. These dances are performed by both girls and boys on different occasions, showcasing the cultural traditions and celebrations of the region. The diverse folk dances of Jammu and Kashmir reflect the vibrant tapestry of life in the state, serving as a means of expression and a source of joy for the performers and the audience alike.

Kud Dance

Kud Dance, a prominent folk dance of Jammu and Kashmir, holds a special place in a thanksgiving ritual of the region. This dance is performed with great enthusiasm by both the young and the old as a gesture of gratitude towards the local deities.

Region: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: It is part of a Thanks giving ritual

Highlight: Both young and old participate

  • Farmers from various villages come together, forming a group of 20 to 30 dancers, and showcasing their appreciation through rhythmic movements.
  • Accompanied by instruments like drums, ‘Narsingha’ (a conch-like instrument), and flutes, the Kud Dance creates a lively and spirited atmosphere, particularly when performed during rainy nights.
  • It is a beautiful display of unity, celebration, and reverence for the blessings received from the deities.

Rouf Dance

Rouf Dance, a traditional folk dance of Jammu and Kashmir, is performed exclusively by women during festive occasions such as Eid al-Fitr and Ramzan.

Region: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: Perform during festivals in the spring season


  • The dancers, adorned in vibrant and colorful attire, form two rows facing each other. They intertwine their arms around the waist of the dancers next to them and gracefully dance to the rhythmic beats of mystical poetry that accompany the performance.
  • Rouf Dance is typically associated with the spring season and holds a connection to the harvest. It is a heartfelt expression of devotion and gratitude, as the dancers seek divine blessings for a peaceful and prosperous life for all.

Bhand Pather

Bhand Pather is a unique theatrical art form originating from Kashmir. It combines mythological stories with contemporary social issues, presented in a satirical and humorous manner.

Region: Kashmir

Occasion: Perform entertain the gatherings


  • The performance is accompanied by folk songs and utilizes instruments like ‘Swarnai’, ‘Thalij’, ‘Dhol’, and ‘Nagara’. The use of a whip and a short bamboo stick adds dramatic elements to the act.
  • Bhand Pather not only entertains the gatherings but also holds social significance, shedding light on various customs, traditions, and societal interpretations through playful and comedic dance styles. Both men and women participate in this lively performance.


Hafiza is a dance performed exclusively by women during special occasions such as weddings in Jammu & Kashmir.

Region/Area: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: special occasions like weddings


  • The dancers showcase different movements and dance styles, accompanied by graceful gestures.
  • Adorned in vibrant costumes and adorned with silver jewelry, the women wear unique headgear that adds to the beauty of their performance.

Bachha Nagma

Bachha Nagma is a traditional dance form performed in weddings and social gatherings in Kashmir.

Region/Area: Kashmir

Occasion: Perform at weddings and social gatherings

Highlight: Men and boys dress like women

  • In this dance, boys dress up in the traditional attire of women. The lead dancer sings while others dance in synchronization with the music.
  • Bachha Nagma carries a historical significance and holds a special place in the hearts of the people of Kashmir.


Dumhal is a captivating dance form performed in Kashmir during rituals. It is predominantly performed by men from the Wattal tribe, who wear vibrant, long clothes and distinctive tall conical hats adorned with beads and shells.

Region/Area: Kashmir

Occasion: Performed in rituals


  • Accompanied by their singing and the beat of drums, the dancers perform around a banner that is ceremoniously placed on the ground.
  • The colorful attire and rhythmic movements make Dumhal a visually enchanting dance.

Bhand Jashan and Bhand Nagma

Bhand Jashan and Bhand Nagma are traditional folk dances of Kashmir performed during festive occasions, particularly the harvest season.

Region: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: Perform on festive occasions


  • These dances feature a large group of dancers, usually consisting of ten to fifteen performers, who enchant the audience with their rhythmic movements and lively songs that celebrate nature and life.
  • Notably, some boys also participate in these dances by dressing up as girls, adding an entertaining element to the performance, reminiscent of the Hafiza style of dance.


Wuegi-Nachun is a lesser-known dance of Kashmir, typically performed after a wedding ceremony as the young bride departs for her new home.

Region/Area: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: Perform on wedding occasions


  • The dancers gather around a vibrant rangoli, created using colored powder or flowers while seeking blessings for the joyful and prosperous married life of the newlywed couple.

Dogri Dance

Dogri Dance is a traditional folk dance of the Dogra community in the Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir. It is performed during cultural festivals, weddings, and other joyous occasions.

Region: Jammu & Kashmir

Occasion: Cultural festivals and celebrations


  • Vibrant costumes and energetic footwork
  • The dance is known for its vibrant costumes, which include traditional attire like the pheran (loose gown) for men and colorful dresses for women.
  • The dancers showcase lively footwork, synchronized movements, and graceful gestures, creating a lively and energetic performance that captivates the audience.

4."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Uttar Pradesh in North India:

Uttar Pradesh, a state in North India, is rich in a diverse range of traditional folk dances that have been practiced for centuries, preserving their regional flavor and authenticity.


Nautanki is a traditional folk theater form that has been popular in Uttar Pradesh for centuries.

Region: Uttar Pardesh


  • It combines storytelling, music, dance, and dialogue, often incorporating humor and satire.
  • The Sangeet Rani Nautanki group is the oldest and most renowned, with a repertoire of diverse performances.

Kathak Dance

Kathak is a prominent genre of North Indian classical dance that originated in the northern plains of Uttar Pradesh.

Region/Area: North India

Occasion: Classical dance performances, cultural festivals, and special events


  • It showcases the playful interactions between Lord Krishna and the gopis, emphasizing storytelling through expressive movements, intricate footwork, and rhythmic compositions.
  • The performances often feature intricate hand gestures, graceful spins, and dramatic facial expressions, captivating the audience with their dynamic and vibrant portrayal of Indian mythology and culture.
  • Accompanied by the tabla, the rhythmic patterns and melodic elements of Kathak create a mesmerizing experience for both the dancers and the spectators.

Mayur dance of Braj

Mayur dance, also known as the dance of the peacock, is a traditional dance form of the Braj region in Uttar Pradesh.

Region: Uttar Pardesh

Occasion: During Religious and Social Occasions


  • The dance involves two dancers, one portraying the peacock and the other the peahen, who showcase various movements depicting the distinct characteristics of the bird.
  • This vibrant and lively dance is performed during religious and social occasions, captivating the audience with its grace and beauty

Charkula dance

Charkula dance is a captivating folk dance performed in the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh.

Region/Area: Uttar Pardesh

Occasion: For Entertainment


  • The highlight of this dance is a woman gracefully balancing a large lamp, adorned with several lit lamps, on her head as she dances.
  • This visually stunning performance requires skill and strength, as the dancer must maintain balance while showcasing slow and graceful movements.
  • The Charkula dance is a rare spectacle, mesmerizing the audience with the beauty and artistry of the dancer’s skillful performance.

Rasa Lila Dance

Raslila, also known as Rasa Lila, is a sacred folk dance performed in the regions of Braj and Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.

Region: Uttar Pradesh/ Haryana

Occasion: Perform at festivals


  • It is a tribute to Lord Krishna and is performed during festivals. The highlight of Raslila is its depiction of the love stories of Lord Krishna, particularly his interactions with Radha and the Gopis
  • . The dance is believed to be a divine expression of love and eternal bliss, symbolizing the union of the human and divine soul. It is accompanied by folk or devotional songs and can be performed either by boys or girls, with certain places exclusively featuring girls as performers.
  • The dance involves rhythmic movements, sometimes using sticks or clapping while dancing, capturing the essence of the divine love shared between Krishna and his devotees.

Kajri dance

Kajri dance is a joyful and celebratory dance performed by women in anticipation of the arrival of the monsoon season. It is an expression of joy and happiness as they welcome the rain.

5"Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in North India:

Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have a rich repertoire of folk dances that showcase the vibrant cultural heritage of the region. These dances are deeply rooted in the traditions and customs of the local communities, reflecting the diversity and spirit of the people.


Jawara is a lively dance form performed by women in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh.

Region: Madhya Pradesh

Occasion: celebrates agricultural traditions.


  • During the dance, women carry baskets of Jawara on their heads and move skillfully, depicting activities related to farming and the growth of Jawara.
  • The dance showcases the joy and vitality of rural life and celebrates the agricultural traditions of the region.



Tertali is a popular dance form of Madhya Pradesh known for its rhythmic and musical quality. The combination of music, movement, and balancing acts in Tertali makes it a fascinating spectacle that attracts a lot of attention.

Region: Madhya Pradesh

Occasion: cultural and festive celebrations


  • During the dance, metal cymbals called “tails” are tied to different parts of the body, and two cymbals are held in the hands.
  • The dancers or musicians strike the cymbals all over the body, creating a pleasant jingling sound.
  • Additionally, the women also hold a sword in their mouths while balancing an earthen pot on their heads, adding to the captivating performance.


Lehangi is a vibrant dance form of the Banjara or Kanjar adivasis, performed during the arrival of the monsoon or to celebrate the rainy season.

Region: Madhya Pradesh

Occasion: Entertain people


  • Both men and women participate in this dance, with men showcasing their acrobatic skills while dancing with sticks.
  • The energetic performances of Lehangi entertain people in various areas and villages.



Akiri is a traditional dance performed by the cattle herders of Gwalior, who are believed to be descendants of Sri Krishna

Region: Madhya Pradesh

Occasion: Celebration of Diwali


  • This dance, performed in circular patterns, is carried out by various communities including Ahir, Gwala, Rawat, Beat, and Baredi.
  • Starting during the festival of lights, Diwali, it continues until Kartik Purnima, intending to invoke prosperity and well-being for mankind.

Gaur, Bastar

Gaur is a traditional dance performed by the Horn Marias or Tallaguda Marias of the South Bastar region.

Region: Madhya Pradesh

Occasion: Traditional Dance


  • The dance derives its name from the ferocious bison and is characterized by the use of bamboo trumpets or horns for music.
  • Male dancers wear headdresses adorned with cowries and peacock feathers, while the music of flutes and drums accompanies their movements.
  • The dance reenacts the aggressive and chasing behavior of the bison, as they interact with the female dancers who wear brass fillets and bead necklaces and dance with tirududi sticks.

6."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Bihar in North India:

Bihar, a state in eastern India, boasts a rich variety of folk dances that reflect its vibrant culture. These dances are performed on various occasions, such as weddings, festivals, and harvest celebrations, and showcase the traditions, rituals, and stories of the local communities. With their energetic movements, colorful costumes, and lively music, these folk dances add joy and entertainment to the cultural fabric of Bihar.

Jat Jatin (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Jat-Jatin is a popular folk dance of Bihar performed by a pair of a man and a woman.

Region/Area: North Bihar, especially Mithila and Koshi region

Occasion: Cultural celebrations and social gatherings


  • It portrays the dynamics of a married couple, showcasing a range of emotions from sweet and tender quarrels to playful complaints.
  • The dance reflects the challenges of life with a lighthearted approach, using humor to bring comfort and joy.
  • The lyrics of the dance carry the essence of the performance, with lines such as “Tikwa-jab-jab Maugailion re jatwa – Tikwa kahe na lawle re…” The Jat-Jatin dance is an integral part of cultural celebrations and social gatherings in North Bihar, particularly in the Mithila and Koshi regions.

Karma (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Karma is a traditional folk dance of Bihar, named after the Karma tree symbolizing fortune and good luck.

Region/Area: Bihar

Occasion: Karma festival and other cultural celebrations


  • The dance begins with the planting of the Karma tree and progresses with circular formations around it. The dance involves an equal number of male and female dancers, forming two-tiered formations with movements in backward and forward directions.
  • The rhythmic swinging of the dancers is accompanied by the beats of drums and clapping by women. The choreography includes threading in and out, bending the torso and knees, and forming semicircular rows with arms around each other’s waists.
  • The dancers sing and dance alternately to the music of Mandur and Timki. The lively dance culminates with fast and loud drum beats, ending on a joyous note.
  • The songs and themes of the dance are contemporary and relevant, adding an imaginative touch to the performance. The Karma dance is typically performed during the Karma festival and other cultural celebrations in Bihar.

Kajari (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Jhumar is a traditional folk dance of Bihar, predominantly performed by rural women.

Region/Area: Bihar

Occasion: Various cultural celebrations and festive occasions


  • This graceful dance form does not have a specific season and can be performed at any time.
  • The dance captures the essence of the beautiful spring season, symbolizing the arrival of joy and happiness.
  • With their rhythmic movements and elegant postures, the dancers spread a sense of celebration and merriment during various cultural events and festive occasions in Bihar.

Magahi Jhumar (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Magahi Jhumar is a lively duet dance performed by male and female dancers who portray the roles of husband and wife.

Region: Bihar

Occasion: Cultural celebrations, weddings, and social gatherings Highlight:

  • The dance showcases their expressions of desires and aspirations, with the wife requesting her husband for beautiful clothes and ornaments.
  • The husband promises to fulfill her wishes. The dance is accompanied by melodious music, creating a vibrant and festive atmosphere during cultural events, weddings, and social gatherings.

Jharni (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Ritualistic dance performed by the Julaha community, involving the use of bamboo sticks to create rhythmic beats

Region: Bihar

Occasion: Muharram


The dancers stand in a circular formation, moving around and striking each other’s sticks, producing a unique sound that sets the beat for the dance.

Jhijhia (Folk Dances of Bihar)

Jhijhiya is a religious dance performed by women in the Mithila region. It takes place during Navaratri as a devotion to the goddess Lakshmi, Parvati, and Saraswati.

Region/Area: Mithila in Bihar

Occasion: During Navaratri


  • Women balance earthen or brass pots on their heads while dancing, symbolizing their prayers and offerings to the goddesses.

Men assist in the proceedings by carrying burning lamps and mango leaves to ward off evil and promote peace and well-being. The dancers move in circular patterns, creating a sacred atmosphere during the performance.

7.."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Rajasthan in North India:

Rajasthan is known for its vibrant folk dance traditions that reflect the colorful culture of the region. These folk dances are performed on various occasions and celebrations, showcasing the uniqueness and diversity of Rajasthan’s heritage. From the energetic Kalbelia dance to the graceful Ghoomar, the folk dances of Rajasthan captivate audiences with their rhythmic movements, vibrant costumes, and traditional music. Each dance form has its significance and tells a story of the region’s history, rituals, and way of life.

  1. Ghoomar

Ghoomar is a popular folk dance of Rajasthan known for its graceful and mesmerizing movements.

Region/Area: Rajasthan

Occasion: Various occasions, including weddings and festivals like Holi or Tej


  • The dancers, usually women, wear colorful and vibrant long skirts and spin in synchronized patterns, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the region.
  • The dance starts with slow, elegant steps and gradually picks up pace, creating a captivating visual spectacle for the audience.
  • Ghoomar is a significant part of Rajasthani celebrations, symbolizing joy, happiness, and the essence of Rajasthani traditions.


Bhavai is a captivating folk dance of Rajasthan, primarily performed by the Kabelia, Meena, Bhil, or Kumhar Adivasi communities.

Region/Area: Rajasthan

Occasion: Various festive and ritualistic occasions


  • In this dance form, women showcase their exceptional balancing skills by gracefully standing on the perimeter of a brass plate or the top of a glass.
  • The dance includes a series of intricate steps and movements, symbolizing devotion and offering to the divine spirit. Meanwhile, the men provide musical accompaniment by singing and playing traditional instruments like the harmonium, sarangi, and dholak.
  • Bhavai is a cultural treasure of Rajasthan, reflecting the skill, grace, and spiritual essence of the region’s folk traditions.

Kachhi Ghodi

Kachhi Ghodi is a lively folk dance originating from the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan.

Region/Area: Shekhawati, Rajasthan

Occasion: Festivals, weddings, and social celebrations


  • The dance is performed by men who don elaborate costumes and carry props representing decorated horses, accompanied by female dancers.
  • The performers energetically portray horse-like movements, leaps, and jumps, creating an entertaining spectacle. Kachhi Ghodi is not only a display of vibrant dance and music but also a symbolic depiction of bravery and chivalry.
  • The dance celebrates the valor and spirit of the Rajasthani culture, captivating the audience with its playful and dynamic performances.


Gair is a traditional folk dance performed by both men and women, particularly by the Bhil community, in Rajasthan.

Region/Area: Rajasthan

Occasion: Religious festivals (Janmashtami) and social celebrations (Holi)


  • This vibrant dance is often seen during religious occasions such as Janmashtami and festive celebrations like Holi. Men actively participate in the dance, showcasing their skills with sticks and swords, while moving and dancing in clockwise and anti-clockwise patterns
  • . The rhythmic movements and coordinated actions create a mesmerizing spectacle, adding joy and liveliness to the festive atmosphere. Gair is a captivating display of energy, grace, and the rich cultural heritage of Rajasthan.


Chari is a traditional folk dance performed by different communities in Rajasthan. It holds significance in the rituals of the Saini community of Ajmer and Gujjars of Kishnagad. This dance form showcases the skill, grace, and cultural traditions of Rajasthan.

Region/Area: Rajasthan

Occasion: Rituals, childbirth celebrations, and water discovery


  • During childbirth celebrations, women perform the Chari dance while balancing pots on their heads with a lit lamp on top, symbolizing an offering for divine intervention.
  • Additionally, Chari is also performed to celebrate the discovery of water in the arid desert state of Rajasthan.
  • The dance is accompanied by the rhythmic beats of instruments like dholak, harmonium, and nagada.

8. ."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Himachal Pradesh in North India:

Himachal Pradesh is renowned for its vibrant folk dances that reflect the rich cultural traditions of the region.


Nati is a renowned folk dance of Himachal Pradesh, performed during festivals and special occasions. It encompasses seven distinct dance forms, each characterized by its unique style and significance.

Region/Area: Himachal Pradesh

Occasion: Perform during festivals


  • Nati is classified into seven different types with each dance form having its style.
  • Notable variations include Kinnauri Nati, Kullu Nati, and Shiv Badar Nati. Kinnauri Nati welcomes the New Year, while Kullu Nati takes center stage during Dusshera, often lasting for hours.
  • Shiv Badar Nati commemorates Maha Shivaratri and narrates the legend of Lord Shiva. Nati enjoys widespread popularity and is accompanied by traditional musical instruments like the dholak, karnal, ranasingha, flute, shehnai, and nagade.
  • The dance starts at a slow pace, known as the “loose pulse,” and gradually accelerates to a rapid tempo.

Channak Chaam Dance

This devotional dance is performed by the Lamas in honor of Lord Buddha, as a tribute and a mark of remembrance.

Region/Area: Lahaul-Spiti region Himachal Pradesh

Occasion: Honor of Lord Buddha


  • The Channak Chaam Dance is a special highlight during the Chakhar festival, which occurs once every three years.
  • The dancers captivate the audience with their vibrant hats, costumes, and masks, adorned in shades of yellow, black, and gold. The costumes are meticulously designed to be sleek and shiny, adding to the visual allure of the performance.

Rakshasa Dance

Rakshasa Dance is a traditional dance form associated with the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh.

Region/Area: Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh

Occasion: Protective ritual


  • During this dance, performers don demon masks representing various numbers such as three, five, seven, and nine. The purpose of the Rakshasa Dance is to safeguard the crops from evil spirits and demons in the region.
  • It is performed as a protective ritual, combining elements of folklore and cultural beliefs to ensure the well-being of the agricultural harvest.

Dangi Dance

Dangi is a traditional folk dance of Himachal Pradesh, performed during the harvest season.

Region/Area: Himachal Pradesh

Occasion: Performed during harvest season


  • The dance involves various themes.
  • The dance primarily features female dancers adorned in traditional attire, forming a semi-circle by holding hands.
  • The dancers showcase various themes and stories through their movements, including a love story between a king and a commoner. One prominent venue for the Dangi dance is the Naina Devi Temple, where it is performed as a symbol of devotion and religious significance.

9.."Famous Traditional Folk Dances of Uttarakhand in North India:

Dancing runs in the very veins of the people of Garhwal and Kumaon of Uttarakhand. Like the residents of other states of India, the locals of Uttarakhand celebrate their joys and sorrows through dance. Ahead, know about the five popular dances of Uttarakhand and the stories behind them.

Pandav Nritya


Pandav Nritya is a captivating dance form performed in Uttarakhand, depicting the legendary tale of the Pandava brothers from the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

Region/Area: Uttarakhand

Occasion: Special Occasion


  • This vibrant dance-drama unfolds the various stages of the Pandavas’ lives, accompanied by rhythmic drum beats. The performance, which lasts for 10 to 12 days, takes place between November and February each year.
  • It is believed that the spirits of the Pandava brothers enter the bodies of the performers, infusing them with their energies. The grand finale of Pandav Nritya culminates in a joyous feast for the villagers, marking the completion of this cultural celebration.

Bhotia Dance

The Bhotia Dance is a unique cultural tradition performed by the Bhotiya tribe of Uttarakhand.

Region/Area: Uttarakhand

Occasion: the tribe’s death rituals


  • This dance holds significant importance as it is associated with the tribe’s death rituals. According to their belief, when a person passes away, their soul enters the body of a sheep or goat.
  • The Bhotiya Dance is performed to liberate the soul from the animal’s body, symbolizing the transition from life to the afterlife.
  • This captivating dance form showcases the tribe’s spiritual connection and their beliefs surrounding death and the soul’s journey.

Cholia Dance

Choliya Dance is a traditional sword dance that showcases the martial art traditions of the Kumaoni tribe in Uttarakhand.

Region/Area: Uttarakhand



  • This ancient dance form, dating back thousands of years, is primarily performed during local Rajput weddings and celebrations.
  • The Choliya dancers don the attire of Kumaon warriors, wielding swords and shields while showcasing synchronized twists and turns of the body.
  • Accompanied by regional brass instruments like Turi and Ransing, as well as percussion instruments like dhol and damru, the Choliya Dance creates a captivating display of skill, strength, and cultural heritage.

Jhora Dance

Jhora Dance is a vibrant and joyful folk dance that originates from Uttarakhand, particularly in the Kumaon Himalayas.

Region/Area: Uttarakhand

Occasion: a celebration of springtime


  • This dance is performed in circles, symbolizing the celebration of springtime and unity among people. What makes Jhora Dance unique is its inclusive nature, breaking caste barriers and allowing people from different castes to dance together.
  • Apart from springtime, this lively dance is also performed during weddings and local fairs, adding to the festive atmosphere of the occasion.

Mukhota Dance

Mukhota Dance is an intriguing folk dance that takes place during a fair held in Uttarakhand during the month of Vaishakha. The Mukhota Dance is a captivating display of the region’s rich traditions and mythological influences.


Region/Area: Uttarakhand

Occasion: during a fair held


  • The fair commences on Vaishakha Sankranti, which marks the transition of the Sun into a new zodiac sign and is dedicated to the worship of Bhumiyal Devta.
  • During this festive occasion, participants adorn themselves in traditional attire and wear masks representing different deities and demons.
  • The dance performance includes rhythmic movements and expressions that bring these characters to life, creating a vibrant and culturally significant spectacle. As part of the celebration, people offer ground rice preparations as a form of reverence.

Langvir Nritya

Langvir Nritya is a distinctive folk dance form indigenous to the Tehri Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.

Region/Area: Uttarakhand

Occasion: Perform at festivals for entertainment

Highlight: Dancing happens on a pole

  • Langvir Nritya is a distinctive folk dance form indigenous to the Tehri Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. It is performed exclusively by male dancers during festivals and for entertainment purposes.
  • The highlight of this captivating dance is the dancer’s ability to ascend a tall bamboo pole and maintain balance on its tip. While perched on the pole, the dancer showcases impressive acrobatic maneuvers, accompanied by the rhythmic beats of drums played by accompanying musicians.
  • The artistry and physical prowess exhibited in Langvir Nritya make it a captivating spectacle to behold.

Q.What is the famous dance of the northern Plains?

Ans: The famous dance of the northern plains is Bhangra, which is the iconic folk dance of Punjab. Known for its distinctive steps, style, and vibrant costumes, Bhangra is a lively and energetic dance form that embodies the spirit of joy, celebration, and music.

Q.How many dances are there in North India?

Ans: North India is known for its diverse range of folk dances, including Bhangra, Giddha, Kathak, Garba, Dandiya Raas, and Lavani. These dances showcase unique styles and hold cultural significance, representing the rich traditions and cultural diversity of the region.

Q.What are the three famous dances of the northern mountains?

Ans: The three famous dances of the northern mountains are Bhangra and Giddha from Punjab, Kathak from Uttar Pradesh, and Nati from Himachal Pradesh. These dances represent the rich cultural heritage of North India and showcase the vibrant traditions of the region.

Q.Which dance form has its origin in Northern India?

Ans: Kathak is the dance form that originated in Northern India, specifically Uttar Pradesh. It is known for its storytelling aspect, as Kathakars or storytellers depict epic tales from Hindu scriptures like Mahabharata and Ramayana.

Q.What is North Indian dance?

Ans: North Indian dance refers to the traditional dance forms originating from the northern region of India. The most prominent classical dance style from this region is Kathak, which has its roots in the storytelling traditions of nomadic performers. Kathak originated in the northern plains of Uttar Pradesh and has been passed down through generations as a hereditary tradition.

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